Your Guide To The Alvord Desert Oregon & Alvord Desert Hot Springs

Alvord Desert
Photo by Unsettler via Flickr CC2.

When you see it for the first time, you’ll probably think, ‘this can’t be Oregon, can it?’  As your feet crunch across the dry playa it’s like walking on an alien planet, not in a state known for lush green forests full of ferns and towering trees.  Many don’t realize that two thirds of Oregon is considered high desert, and that something like the Alvord Desert exists in our gorgeous state.  One of the great things about Oregon is how diverse the geology and landscape is, and that you can visit the coast one day, and be in the Alvord Desert camping on the playa and staring up at the milky way the next.  This land is rugged and beautiful, and one of Oregon’s best spots for adventure.

Alvord Desert Geology

Alvord Desert Oregon
The Alvord Desert. Photo by Eric Prado via Flickr CC2.

The Alvord Desert is one of the largest playas in Oregon at six miles wide and eleven miles long.  This remote playa sits at approximately 4,000 feet in elevation and is the perfect place to camp and enjoy nature.

Alvord Desert Oregon
Snow on the floor of the salt flat playa. Photo by the Bureau Of Land Management via Flickr CC2.

In Oregon’s ancient past the area was covered by a 200 foot deep lake that extended into Nevada.  Now the lakebed averages only 7 inches of rain a year.

The Alvord Desert Photo by Eric Prado via Flickr CC2.

The area at the edge of the Alvord Desert and base of Steens Mountain lies on the Steens Fault Zone and is active with hot springs and bubbling mud pools.

Alvord Desert
The Alvord Desert. Photo by the Bureau Of Land Management via Flickr CC2.

Over the last million years thousands of earthquakes have lifted the Steens Mountains a few feet at a time until they towered over the desert floor.  Check out Matt Cook Oregon’s adventure to the Alvord Desert in the video below:

Alvord Desert Hot Springs

Alvord Desert Hot Springs
Winter steam at Mickey Hot Springs on the northern edge of the Alvord Desert. Photo by the Bureau Of Land Management via Flickr CC2.

There are many hot springs around the Alvord Desert, but the only one you can soak in is the Alvord Hot Spring.  The Alvord Hot Spring is near the base of Steens Mountain and is privately owned.  The 170 degree water gets mixed with cool water in soaking pools where visitors can soak and relax.

Alvord Desert Hot Springs

There are also bunkhouses and campsites available at the Alvord Hot Spring, as well as a general store and restrooms.  You can check out more photos of the Alvord Hot Spring here.

Alvord Desert Hot Springs
The Alvord Hot Spring is the only hot spring in the Alvord Desert that can be soaked in since the water is mixed with cool water.  Photo via Alvord Hot Springs.

At the north end of the desert is Mickey Hot Springs, which has pools, bubbling mud and occasionally a geyser.  South of the desert is Borax lake with it’s own thermal hot spring complex.  There is also an unnamed hot spring on the east side of the desert.  There are more than 40 hot springs in all along the 25 mile fault at the base of Steens Mountain.

Please note, all of these Alvord Desert hot springs are far too hot for you to touch the water.  Do not attempt to feel how hot the water is as you will be seriously injured.  The only hot spring in the area suitable for touching is at the Alvord Hot Springs.

Map Of Alvord Desert

Explore the area with this map of the Alvord Desert and Steens Mountain:

Camping In The Alvord Desert

Photo by Sam Beebe via Flickr CC2.

The Alvord Desert is a great place to camp, especially if you’re there during the dry summer months and want to be as far away from people as possible.  There are no improved campsites unless you camp at the Alvord Hot Springs, so you will have to follow the seven principles of Leave No trace, and pack out whatever you bring in, including waste.

The best spots to camp are along the edge of the playa where you can get some shelter from wind next to tall sagebrush.  The center of the playa is used for people who are driving or land sailing, so it is not a place you want to camp due to fast moving vehicles.

Also take note that if there is water on any part of the playa, it can move quickly across the dry lakebed due to winds.  It is not advisable to camp on the playa during wet months or if there is water on the playa.

Camping not your thing? You can always stay at these hotels in Burns or at the rustic Frenchglen Motel in Fields.

Land Sailing In The Alvord Desert

One activity many enjoy on the playa is land sailing.  Even with just 6 or 7 miles an hour of wind, land sailing vehicles can get up to speeds of 50 miles an hour as they race across the playa.

Steens Mountain

Steens Mountain Alvord Desert
Photo by Richard Dick Morgan via Flickr CC2.

Steens Mountain is considered one of Oregon’s, “crown jewels of the state’s wildlands.”  The Steens Mountain Wilderness is some of Oregon’s most remote land, and features over 170,000 acres managed by the Bureau of Land Management.

Steens Mountains Oregon Wildhorse Lake
Wildhorse Lake on Steens Mountain.
Photo by Bureau of Land Management via Flickr CC2.

Visitors to Steens Mountain love to hike, take stunning photographs of the landscape, go horseback riding, fish, snowshoe, cross country ski, mountain bike the rugged mountain roads, and look for wildlife.  Check out the map of Steens Mountain things to do here.

Get more information about Steens Mountain here.

Hiking Steens Mountain

Hike Steens Mountain
Steens Mountain Sign. Photo by College Outdoors via Flickr CC2.

Steens Mountain offers numerous trails hikers will enjoy, featuring stunning landscapes and overlooks.

Wildhorse Lake Trail

This is a 2.5 mile out and back trail from Steens Summit Road.  This trail is for moderate skill level and is best hiked from July to October.  The trail is steep and has beautiful views.  Prepare for wind and cold temperatures at all times of year.  Get more trail info here.

Steens Mountains. Photo by Bureau of Land Management via Flickr CC2.

Big Indian Gorge Trail

This is a difficult 16.9 mile out and back backpacking trail featuring a river and three water crossings.  This trail is best used from June to October.  Get more trail info here.

Steens Mountain Summit Trail

This trail is good for all skill levels, and is a .9 mile out and back trail best used from May to September.  Get more trail info here.

Hiking Steens Mountain. Photo by College Outdoors via Flickr CC2.

Kiger Gorge Overlook Trail

This .2 mile loop trail is good for all skill levels and has scenic views.  Get more trail info here.

Steens Mountain hike. Photo by College Outdoors via Flickr CC2.

Pike Creek Canyon Trail

Another difficult trail on Steens Mountain is the Pike Creek Canyon Trail.  This trail is a 5.6 mile out and back trail.  Hikers report that you are able to pay $10 to the office at Alvord Hot Springs and then get a code for a gate that will allow you to drive .7 miles up the trail to a campsite (camping fee required).  Otherwise parking is free off of the main road.  Get more trail info here.

Little Blitzen Gorge Trail

Backpackers looking for a longer trail that is rated as moderate will enjoy the Little Blitzen Gorge Trail, which is a 19 mile out and back trail.  This trail is best used between April and September.  Get more trail info here.

Hiking Steens Mountain
Steens Mountain. Photo by Donnie Kolb via Flickr CC2.

Wild Horses At Steens Mountain

Wild Mustangs At South Steens. Photo by Dan Dzurisin via Flickr CC2.

Steens Mountain hid a secret treasure that wasn’t discovered until 1977: a herd of gorgeous wild mustangs.  This herd are direct descendants of horses that were brought to the New World by 16th century Conquistadors.  The Steens Mountain wilderness is so remote that the herd lived its life undisturbed until a Bureau Of Land Management survey discovered them in 1977.

A primarily palomino herd approaches the waterhole. / Image via / Danielle Denham / thePDXphotographer

DNA tests were done on the herd and proved these Mustangs are of direct Spanish descent.

If you travel to Steens Mountain, you may get a glimpse of this elusive herd of gorgeous mustangs.  You can learn more about the management area for these horses here.

Where to see wild horses Steens Mountains Oregon
Wild Mustangs At Steens. Photo by Dan Dzurisin via Flickr CC2.

Check out Matt Cook Oregon’s trip to find the wild herd in the video below:

A Mystery In The Alvord Desert

A file photo via The Oregonian.

Back in 1990 a mysterious etching appeared in the desert floor in the Mickey Basin.  Was it created by man, or aliens?  The etching was massive and spotted by air.  Officials thought that if it was created by people it must have cost them thousands of dollars as well as high tech equipment and lasers.

The Alvord Desert
The Alvord Desert at dawn. Photo by Unsettler via Flickr CC2.

An artist from Iowa came forward and admitted that he had made the etching with sticks, wires, and 12 miles of string.  There are still those today that don’t believe the mystery has been solved, and that the explanation of how it was made is impossible.  Read the full story of this mysterious etching in the Alvord Desert here.

Alvord Desert Weather

FIELDS, South Of Alvord Desert WEATHER

What To Know Before You Go To Steens Mountain And The Alvord Desert Oregon

Steens’ East Rim Overlook with the Alvord Desert in the distance. / Image via / Danielle Denham / thePDXphotographer
  • You should only drive on the playa during the dry season so you don’t get stuck in the mud.
  • Not all hot springs in the Alvord Desert are suitable to touch or soak in.  Most of the hot springs and bubbling mud you’ll see are way too hot to touch and will scald you.  The only hot spring you can soak in or touch in the Alvord Desert are the Alvord Hot Springs.
  • If there is any water on the playa, even distantly, you should not camp on the playa.  Only camp on the playa during dry months as the water can move quickly and migrate overnight due to high winds and other factors.  People camping on the playa have woken up to find themselves stuck in mud before when the ground was dry when they went to bed.
Alvord Desert Playa
Salt Flats of the Alvord Desert. Photo by Bureau Of Land Management Flickr CC2.
  • Not all of the Alvord Desert is public land.  Some of the desert is private property, and is not fenced.  Be sure that you are not trespassing and are only visiting on public lands.
  • Bring all the gas you’ll need as there’s not a place to get gas nearby.
  • There are currently no fires allowed in the Alvord Desert.
Alvord Desert Weather
Photo by Dan Nevill via Flickr CC2.
  • Bring all the water, food, and gas you will need for your trip to Steens Mountain and the Alvord Desert.
  • Weather changes quickly on the playa, and on Steens Mountain.  Always be prepared for inclement weather and freezing temperatures, even in summer months.
  • On Steens Mountain, there are deep canyons and rocky, rugged slopes.  Elevation can change from 4,000 feet to more than 9,000 feet in just a couple of miles.
  • On Steens Mountain, high clearance 4×4 vehicles are needed for primitive roads.
  • There is little to no cell service in the area.
  • Never hike or explore beyond your ability.
  • This area has ticks and snakes.  Be aware of wildlife and try not to walk through tall grasses.
  • Camping, exploring nature, and hiking are all at-your-own-risk activities.  Research your destination and tell someone where you’re going and when you’ll return, and follow the 7 principles of Leave No Trace.

Interested in visiting Southeast Oregon?  Check out our guide for more things to do in Southeast Oregon here.